Beach Profile Data Viewing Instructions and Fine Print
Instructions for Viewing Beach Profile Data
Using a simple feature, you can make a graph of beach profile data you select. But before graphing your data, here’s an overview of how to read and understand the graph. This is an example of what a graph looks like:
This graph of Higgins Beach in Scarborough (HI), profile line number 1 (01) is comparing the condition of the profile in the month of April (4) between 2007 and 2011. The data points collected on the beach are all represented here by colored dots. Connecting these dots produces a colored profile line for each month.
Vertical Distance from Stake (cm)
The vertical change in elevation from the beginning to the end of the profile line is measured in centimeters (the line on the left). The Stake is the marker on the beach that indicates the start of the profile line. Because this profile, HI01, is lower at the bottom than at the top, the centimeter measurements are going down, represented by negative (-) numbers, below zero. But it is also possible for the profile to go up from the starting point; in that case, the measurements would be represented by positive (+) numbers.
Horizontal Distance (M)
The horizontal distance from the beginning (at the Stake) to the end of the profile line is measured in meters (the line on the bottom). Typically, each data point consists of a 3 meter measurement, though this may vary among different profiles and beaches.
A note on these different units
Because the graph’s measurement units (cm and M) are not the same, the resulting slope is exaggerated making the profile lines look more like ski slopes, than gently sloping beaches. But this graphic approach is necessary in order to be able to view the data on a standard sized page.
To read the graph, look at the lines in relation to each other. This profile on Higgins Beach, although it recovered from the 2010 shape (green), has been eroded to just above its 2007 shape (pink), but is still significantly lower than its highest point in 2009.
THE FINE PRINT:
The graphs generated here represent snapshots of a particular profile at a particular time and do not represent long-term trends. Beach management decisions should be guided by a professional and not be based on this data alone.
Please note: The data used to generate graphs is collected by trained volunteers using a relatively simple method for obtaining beach profile shapes and its quality is checked by program staff. However, this method has some inherent inaccuracies, including but not limited to:
- dependence on an accurate starting point,
- the visibility of the horizon during a survey,
- horizontal or vertical measurement errors made during data collection,
- data recording errors,
- and beach conditions on the day of the survey, amongst others.
Comparing different survey dates at the same beach profile location can provide a good, qualitative, indication of horizontal and vertical changes of the beach or dune observed at that particular beach profile over time. However, data viewers should note:
- a recorded beach profile only represents the shape of the beach at the time of measurement (a “snapshot”),
- subsequent tides, currents, waves, or storms may change the shape of the beach dramatically from day-to-day,
- short-term (i.e., monthly) changes observed at a beach profile location do not necessarily represent a long-term (seasonal, annual, or decadal) trends,
- changes observed at a specific profile location do not necessarily represent overall changes at an entire beach,
- at a few locations the profile starting point has changed over time; this can lead to some graphs showing unusually large offsets of the profiles that do not represent beach erosion or accretion,
- recorded beach profile data should not be the only source of data used to determine beach management actions,
- and analysis or interpretation of beach profile data may need to be conducted by a professional.
The Maine Geological Survey has analyzed and interpreted beach profiling data to highlight important trends. State of Maine’s Beaches reports can be found on the MGS web site here.
Now that you can read a graph, click here to Graph Beach Profiles.